Hay should make up most of your rabbit's diet. Timothy or other grass hays should be always available. Hay is vital to intestinal tract health and reduces ailments such as hairballs and gut stasis.
Alfalfa and other legume hays can be given as treats but should not be included in the main diet of an adult rabbit.
Hay racks are a great way to keep hay from being soiled on the cage floor.
Pellet feeds should be given in limited amounts to prevent obesity.
On average, feed ¼ cup of pellets per 5 lb of rabbit weight. Fur makes guessing weight by sight very difficult. Use a scale to be sure.
Timothy-based pellets are ideal for adult rabbits (these are available in the horse feed aisle at Murdoch's) or a nutritional blend (Purina Rabbit Chow – Complete) are best. Pellet feeds which contain corn, oats, dried fruits, and non-natural fillers (usually bright colors) should be avoided.
Treats should not be given in excess of 10% of total food intake.
Bowls should be chew resistant and easily washable. Some rabbits like to "toss" their food bowl, so you might need to safely secure it.
Fresh vegetables and fruits* can be given as a large portion of the main diet, preferably 1/3 to 1/2 of total intake. Introduce fruits and vegetables one at a time and slowly over several weeks.
* Fruit should always be given in moderation as the high sugar content may cause diarrhea. Remember, no pesticides!
Rabbit Safe Fruits & Vegetables
Apple (not seeds)
Blackberry (leaves, stems, fruit)
Carrot (tops and root)
Chives (in moderation)
Dandelion (leaves, stem, flower)
Kale (flat leaf and regular)
Lettuce (romaine, red & green leaf)
Papaya (no seeds)
Raspberry (leaves, stems, fruit)
Tomato (fruit only; greens are toxic)